DELHI: The Red Cross was founded by Henry Dunant and the Red Cross day is being observed annually on May 8, on his birth anniversary. In 1863, Geneva Dunant formed International Red Cross Committee to serve the people who are in need and are suffering from any type of food shortage, natural calamities, War as well as diseases caused by epidemic.
Officially the day was first observed in 1948, when it was officially named as the World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day.
The basic purpose of this day is to encourage more people to volunteer and help those, who are in need and to pay tribute to the volunteers for the selfless efforts and contribution to humanity.
Red Cross provides aid to people affected by war and conflict. 90 percent of their workforce work as volunteers with an estimated figure of 11.7 million active volunteers and 450,000 staff, spread across 190 countries.
The seven fundamental principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are:
India is one of the countries where Red Cross is actively working. In 1920, the Indian Red Cross Society (ICRS) was founded and this year it is celebrating its 100th anniversary. Indian Red Cross Society has a total of 1100 branches across the country promoting the health and care facilities of the needy people.
During the Pandemic the IRCS had worked actively in Marathwada for relief during the 1993 Khillari earthquake and is also working with district disaster management authorities in co-ordination with NGOs to handle the distress calls during the Covid-19 pandemic.
ICRS is currently providing groceries to families who can’t afford it. Notable after the pandemic countrywide lockdown has been implemented to stop spreading the pandemic.
The Red Cross Society has won the Nobel Prize thrice: in 1917, 1944 and 1963. This is the only organization in the world that has won the Noble Prize so many times.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies on microblogging site Twitter said, “It’s already World Red Cross Red Crescent Day in some countries around the (globe)!! Today and every day let’s #KeepClapping for all volunteers and staff worldwide responding to COVID-19”.